A Guide to Understanding Acne: How To Treat Acne

Acne is a common skin condition that can affect people of all ages, leaving many searching for effective solutions in the crowded skincare market. We understand the confusion and frustration that often comes with trying to address this concern - plus the time, energy, and money invested in the process. Read on to find a comprehensive guide on the fundamentals of acne, its causes, and most importantly, how to treat it effectively using simple yet proven methods.

Understanding Acne

Acne, a widespread skin condition, can be physically and emotionally challenging and can be influenced by multiple factors, including genetics, hormonal changes, and lifestyle choices. To effectively treat it, it's crucial to grasp the intricacies of this dermatological concern.

Types of Acne Lesions

Blackheads and Whiteheads (Comedones): These are non-inflammatory acne lesions. Blackheads occur when a hair follicle's opening is clogged with sebum and dead skin cells. On the other hand, whiteheads remain closed causing a raised bump beneath the skin's surface.

Papules: Papules are small, red, inflamed bumps. They're the result of bacteria and inflammation within the blocked hair follicles. Nevertheless, these can sometimes be associated with an inflammatory skin concern like dermatitis or rosacea. To address inflamed skin the treatment should be different, as this is not necessarily acne. In these cases, we would advise using our Stress Repair Night Cream (see below for additional information).

Pustules: These are similar to papules but contain pus at their centres. Pustules appear as red, tender bumps with a white or yellow head. At The Secret Skincare, we address this type of acne with our Acne Formula I or Cellular Repair Night Cream (see below for additional information).

Nodules: Nodules are large, painful, solid lesions that form deep within the skin. They can cause scarring and typically require medical intervention. Just like pustules, we use our Acne Formula I or Cellular Repair Night Cream (see below for additional information) to treat nodules.

Cysts: Cysts are the most severe form of acne. They are large, pus-filled lesions that can be extremely painful and may result in significant scarring. To treat cystic acne, we recommend our Acne Formula I (see below for additional information).

Causes of Acne

Acne is a multifactorial skin condition, and people can have multiple causes contributing to their acne. It's rare for acne to have only one cause. Several factors can interact to trigger acne breakouts, and these factors can vary from person to person. Here are some common causes and contributing factors of acne.

Excess Sebum Production: The skin's sebaceous glands produce sebum, an oily substance that helps keep the skin hydrated. However, overproduction of sebum can contribute to acne development and factors like genetics and hormonal changes can influence sebum production.

Clogged Pores: Pores can become clogged when dead skin cells and excess sebum combine. Unfortunately, this creates the perfect environment for acne-causing bacteria to thrive.

Bacterial Growth: Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) is a bacterium commonly found on the skin's surface. When it multiplies excessively within clogged pores, it can trigger inflammation and the formation of pimples.

Hormonal Fluctuations: Hormonal changes, particularly during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, or due to certain medical conditions, can influence the skin's oil production. This is why teenagers and women are often more prone to acne.

Dietary Factors: While research on the connection between diet and acne is ongoing, some people may find that certain foods, such as high-sugar or dairy products, worsen their acne. This is one of the many reasons why a healthy diet is essential to promote our skin’s health.

Stress: High stress levels can exacerbate acne by increasing the production of certain hormones that stimulate oil glands.

Environmental Factors: Exposure to pollutants, humid climates, and wearing tight clothing or hats that trap sweat and oil against the skin can contribute to acne.

Genetics: A family history of acne can increase someone’s chances of the condition.

The Secret Treatment

At The Secret, we treat a range of breakout concerns by utilising prescription-strength formulas that help to resurface skin cells, remove harmful, acne-causing bacteria, and regulate oil production. Don't let acne leave you feeling confused and frustrated. Say goodbye to endless jars and tubes, and say hello to a skincare routine that works.

Before jumping into any recommendations, please note that everyone's skin is different and not everyone will benefit from the same treatment. To ensure you have appropriate guidance, our doctors will suggest the correct product and craft the right formula for you after reviewing your medical questionnaire.

Night Formulas -

Acne Night Formula I

Our Acne Night Formula I is expertly crafted to diminish existing breakouts and safeguard against future blemishes. Topical antibiotics and prescription retinoids team up to eliminate acne-causing bacteria promote skin cell renewal, and control oil production. These actions are complemented by barrier-strengthening ingredients that replenish skin lipids, fortifying its protective barrier during the process.

Acne Night Formula II

The Acne Night Formula II was intended to maintain and further enhance the results from Acne Night Formula I. The active ingredients and prescription-strength retinoids work to remove harmful, acne, and inflammation-causing bacteria from the skin and increase skin cell turnover. Moreover, the ingredients also help strengthen the skin barrier by replenishing the skin's lipids and thus fortifying its protective barrier.

Stress Repair Night Cream

What the doctor ordered to address papules, an inflammatory type of acne or skin concern. Use the Secret Stress Repair Night Cream to restore your skin's health by promoting a calmer complexion. The combination of antibiotics and anti-inflammatories gently removes the harmful bacteria to bring a stronger and more resilient complexion. Plus, the cherry on top - you'll reduce the likeliness of future skin sensitivities for lasting results.

Cellular Repair Night Cream

Last but not least, our hero product is the Cellular Repair Night Cream. The skin naturally removes the cells that may be disturbing its clarity, such as breakouts and scarring, for a brighter, more even-toned complexion. The result? Skin becomes healthier, stronger, and more resilient to external aggressors.

Day Formulas -

Day Brightening Elixir - Sensitive

Formulated for acne-prone skin and those with skin on the sensitive side. The ideal mix of prescription and active ingredients creates a luxuriously smooth and nourishing daily elixir. Intended by our doctors, the Day Brightening Elixir - Sensitive supports the outcomes of your active Night Cream, as it includes an anti-inflammatory agent to help during the day. The bonus - it's suitable to use underneath sunscreen and creates a perfect base for applying any makeup.

Check out some of our Patients’ Real Results.

The Secret real people, Real Results page

Understanding acne is the first step toward effective treatment. By recognising the types of acne lesions and the underlying causes, you can make informed decisions about your skincare routine and treatment options. Remember, treating acne and its scars is a journey. With The Secret Skincare, you're in good hands every step of the way.


What is the difference between the Cellular Repair Night Cream & Cellular Repair Night Cream - Sensitive?

Our cellular repair night cream formulations are designed to treat pigmentation, breakout-prone skin, ageing concerns, and more. Our Cellular Repair Night Cream Sensitive formula includes additional anti-inflammatory agents to reduce sensitivity and offset the harsher side effects sensitive skin types can experience while undergoing rapid cell turnover. Please be assured that our Sensitive formulation still includes potent prescription ingredients to ensure results. The difference to the non-sensitive formulation is the alternative supporting ingredients for a more gentle delivery system.

What is the difference between the Acne Night Formula I & Acne Night Formula II?

Our Acne Night Formula I contains topical antibiotics designed to help remove harmful bacteria in the skin in conjunction with prescription strength Vitamin A. This formula is perfect for patients struggling with active breakouts and wanting to use topical antibiotics. Our Acne Night Formula II does not contain topical antibiotics; this formula utilises antibacterial and anti-inflammatory ingredients in conjunction with a prescription strength Vitamin A. Our Secret Acne Night Formula II was designed as a maintenance cream once the patient's acne has subsided after a course of the Acne Night Formula I. Alternatively, this is a great option for our patients who may be unable to utilise topical antibiotics (for example, if they are already taking oral antibiotics).

For more expert insights and tips on skincare, visit The Secret's Journal. Moreover, whether you’re looking to add the perfect products to your skincare routine, treat a specific concern, or are interested in finding out if medical grade and prescription skincare is the right option for you, The Secret is here to guide you on your journey to clear, glowing skin.

If you have any questions or would like to get in touch, please contact us online.